Key information

  1. Reference: ST0295
  2. Date updated: 21/08/2023
  3. Level: 2
  4. Route: Construction and the built environment
  5. Regulated occupation: No

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Details of the occupational standard

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T-Levels logoT Levels focus on vocational skills and can help students into skilled employment, higher study or apprenticeships. Each T Level includes an in-depth industry placement that lasts at least 45 days. Students get valuable experience in the workplace; employers get early sight of the new talent in their industry.

Occupation summary

Painters and Decorators operate in domestic and commercial properties and undertake the decoration and protection of buildings. Properties include houses, schools, offices, hospitals factories and construction sites. Working internally or externally they work individually and/or as part of a team applying water-borne and/or solvent-borne paint coatings and wallcoverings. They have good knowledge of paint coatings and wallcoverings and understand and comply with statutory, safety and environmental requirements. They are responsible for their own work achieving a high quality finish at the appropriate pace. They are good problem solvers and communicators and are able to interact effectively with colleagues, clients and associated trades.



K1: The purpose of a range of equipment, tools and materials. Back to Duty

K2: The characteristics of materials and their reaction to atmospheric conditions. Back to Duty

K3: Safe and efficient methods of use, maintenance, movement, protection and storage of materials and equipment. Back to Duty

K4: Work hazards, safe working methods and appropriate safety requirements. Back to Duty

K5: How to work at height including the safe use of platforms, steps, ladders and scaffold. Back to Duty

K6: The most appropriate products and use of colour in different settings. Back to Duty

K7: The company’s services. Back to Duty

K8: Methods of formal and informal communication. Back to Duty

K9: The uses of information technology in the workplace. Back to Duty

K10: Principles of costing, pricing and budgeting. Back to Duty

K11: Time, scheduling and costs associated with a project. Back to Duty

K12: Key factors and systems of working in different sectors, such as occupied properties, health and education facilities where residents, patients and students may be present. Back to Duty

K13: Key differences between modern and traditional construction methods. Back to Duty

K14: Differences of each product type for example, water-borne, solvent borne and epoxy. Back to Duty

K15: Drying, curing and recoating times. Back to Duty

K16: The effect of colour in relation to good design and colour and contrast for people with impaired vision. Back to Duty

K17: The causes of common problems, how these can be prevented and how to correct them. Back to Duty

K18: Data sheets, Control of Substances Hazardous to Health sheets, method statements and risk assessments. Back to Duty

K19: Difference in systems for new and pre- decorated surfaces. Back to Duty

K20: Types of preparation methods including removal of previous coatings and wallcoverings using hand tools, power tools and chemicals. Back to Duty

K21: Traditional and modern methods of making good surfaces. Back to Duty

K22: Different systems for metals, wood, plastic and factory finishes. Back to Duty

K23: Techniques of application by brush, roller, pressure assisted roller and spray application. Back to Duty

K24: Specialist decorative techniques for example, graining, marbling and gilding. Back to Duty

K25: The skills of removal and application of wallcoverings. Back to Duty


S1: Prepare the work area safely providing dust sheets and protection to furniture and adjacent surfaces. Back to Duty

S2: Identify hazards and risks in the workplace ensuring a safe environment is maintained at all times. Back to Duty

S3: Select, use, maintain and store, paint, tools, wallcoverings, spray equipment, steps, ladders and towers safely. Back to Duty

S4: Follow and maintain work procedures and method statements. Back to Duty

S5: Make the most efficient and effective use of resources, time and materials. Back to Duty

S6: React correctly using the correct method of actions and reporting in the event of an accident or incident. Back to Duty

S7:  Prepare for meetings and discussions by having appropriate paint specification and colour information. Back to Duty

S8: Use appropriate listening, and questioning, techniques. Back to Duty

S9: Use appropriate terminology when attending meetings. Back to Duty

S10: Work to allocated times and schedules for the project. Back to Duty

S11: Identify different industry sectors such as new construction, social housing, residential, refurbishment, commercial and Heritage. Back to Duty

S12: Identify different building methods e.g. steel frame, reinforced concrete frame, traditional solid wall and cavity wall, block and dry lined which determine the appropriate paint products and specifications. Back to Duty

S13: Interpret specification documents and ensure correct preparation and systems are followed. Back to Duty

S14: Refer to manufacturers’ product information and data sheets to avoid errors. Back to Duty

S15: Advise clients about basic colour choices. Back to Duty

S16: Recommend appropriate products for differing scenarios and sectors. Back to Duty

S17: Identify and rectify common surface coating and wall covering problems. Back to Duty

S18: Interpret and use health and safety documents. Back to Duty

S19: Identify substrates, hard wood, soft wood, ferrous and non- ferrous metal, factory finished etc. Back to Duty

S20: Prepare and strip surfaces using abrasives, chemical etchants, power sanders, heat and liquid methods. Back to Duty

S21: Understand and apply powder, two- pack, surfacers and resin fillers. Back to Duty

S22: Use different application methods brush, roller, spray, power-assisted rollers and special effect tools. Back to Duty

S23: Wallpaper using techniques for the hanging of lining paper, standard papers, digital print and wide width including (matching patterns, internal and external corners). Back to Duty


B1: Their responsibilities towards their own and others safety in the work place.  Back to Duty

B2: A strong work ethic, motivated, reliable and adaptable. Back to Duty

B3: Attention to detail, quality and continuous improvement.  Back to Duty

B4: An awareness of the businesses mission, aims, markets, products and services.  Back to Duty

B5: A customer focused attitude.  Back to Duty

B6: Effective communication in a team, with clients or with management.  Back to Duty

T Level in onsite construction

Qualification type: T Level

Qualification level: 3

Awarding organisation: City & Guilds

Approval date: 17/12/2020

Available from: 01/09/2021

Occupational specialism: Painting and decorating

Product page

Aligned occupational standards

ST0295 Painter and decorator

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