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Overview of the role

Supporting the aircraft Commander and to assist her/him in the safe and efficient conduct of the flight

First officer pilot

Details of standard

Occupation summary

The first officer, also known as co-pilot, works in a variety of aircraft e.g. commercial, military, passenger or freight. The role of the first officer is to support the aircraft Commander and to assist her/him in the safe and efficient conduct of the flight. In the event of the incapacitation of the Commander, the First Officer will assume the authority and responsibility for the aircraft and its crew, passengers and load. During normal operations, the Commander and the First Officer will alternate in performing the roles of ‘pilot handling’ and ‘pilot monitoring’. In these situations, the ‘pilot monitoring’ will conduct radio communications and monitor the duties of the ‘pilot handling’. At all times they are to ensure the safety and security of the passengers and crew. Apprentices will need to achieve either a frozen Air Transport Pilot Licence (Aeroplane) or a Multi-Crew Pilot Licence followed by Aircraft Type Conversion Training and supervised Line Training prior to taking an end-point assessment

First officers are responsible to their employers for ensuring the safety and efficiency of every flight by

  • Being fully aware of the planned route, contents of briefing sheets, the forecast meteorological conditions and runway states at the destination and alternate aerodromes
  •  Supporting the Commander in the maintenance of high standards of crew discipline and conduct
  • Monitoring all aspects of the flight, checking that correct procedures and techniques are used, cross-checking all flight instrument indications, especially attitude, altitude / height, speed and heading and volunteering advice,     information and assistance to the Commander, to contribute favourably to the safe and efficient conduct of the flight
  • Complying with UK ANO (Air Navigation Order) and the UK AIP (Aeronautical Information Publication)
  •  Complying with EASA (European Aviation Safety Agency) Ops regulations
  • Complying with ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organisation) standards and recommended practices
  • Confirming the aircraft is following its planned navigation route and maintaining a safe terrain clearance
  • Complying with all flight time limitations, company occurrence reporting and rest requirements applicable to their activities
  • Reporting to the Commander any incident or defect that could endanger the safe operation of the aircraft
  • During any emergency or abnormal situation, carrying out the drills and procedures as laid down in the appropriate Company Manual

Typical job titles include:

Pilot, First officer pilot

Entry requirements

Employers will set their own entry requirements including the requirement for security clearance. A class 1 medical certificate will be required under EASA/CAA regulations. Apprentices must be at least 18 years old in order to apply for a multi-crew pilot licence and at least 21 years old in order to apply for an Air Transport Pilot Licence


Occupation duties

Duty

KSBs

Duty 1 Be fully aware of the planned route, contents of briefing sheets, the forecast meteorological conditions and runway states at the destination and alternate aerodromes

K3 K4 K11 K15

S2 S5 S15 S18

B1

Duty 2 Support the Commander in the maintenance of high standards of crew discipline and conduct

K2 K16 K23 K24 K25 K26 K28 K30 K31 K32 K33

S1 S10 S14 S25 S26 S27 S28 S30 S31

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6

Duty 3 Monitor all aspects of the flight, checking that correct procedures and techniques are used, cross-checking all flight instrument indications, especially attitude, altitude / height, speed and heading and volunteering advice, information and assistance to the Commander, to contribute favourably to the safe and efficient conduct of the flight

K1 K3 K6 K7 K8 K9 K10 K11 K12 K13 K14 K15 K16 K18 K22 K23 K24 K25 K26 K27 K28 K29 K30 K32

S2 S3 S4 S5 S6 S7 S8 S9 S10 S11 S12 S13 S14 S15 S16 S17 S18 S19 S20 S25 S26 S27 S28 S29 S30 S31

B1 B3 B5 B6 B7 B8

Duty 4 Comply with UK ANO (Air Navigation Order) and the UK AIP (Aeronautical Information Publication)

K1 K2 K5 K6 K10 K12 K15 K16 K17 K19 K20 K21 K23 K24 K27 K28 K29 K30 K31 K32

S1 S2 S3 S10 S12 S14 S19 S21 S22 S23 S24 S25 S26 S27 S28 S29 S30

B5 B6 B7

Duty 5 Comply with EASA (European Aviation Safety Agency) Ops regulations

K1 K2 K5 K6 K10 K12 K15 K16 K17 K19 K20 K21 K23 K25 K27 K28 K29 K30 K31 K32

S1 S2 S3 S10 S12 S14 S19 S21 S22 S23 S24 S25 S26 S27 S28 S29 S30

B5 B6 B7

Duty 6 Comply with ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organisation) standards and recommended practices

K1 K2 K5 K6 K10 K12 K15 K16 K17 K19 K20 K21 K23 K26 K27 K28 K29 K30 K31 K32

S1 S2 S3 S10 S12 S14 S19 S21 S22 S23 S24 S25 S26 S27 S28 S29 S30

B5 B6 B7

Duty 7 Confirming the aircraft is following its planned navigation route and maintaining a safe terrain clearance

K3 K11 K12 K14 K15

S14 S15 S16 S17 S18 S20 S26 S27

B1 B5 B8

Duty 8 Complying with all flight time limitations, company occurrence reporting and rest requirements applicable to their activities

K2 K19 K23 K24 K25 K26 K30 K31 K32

S1 S14 S22 S26 S27 S29 S30

B1 B3 B5

Duty 9 Reporting to the Commander any incident or defect that could endanger the safe operation of the aircraft

K16 K19 K23 K29 K31 K32

S3 S8 S14 S16 S19 S22 S25 S26 S27 S29 S30

B1 B3 B5 B8

Duty 10 During any emergency or abnormal situation, carrying out the drills and procedures as laid down in the appropriate Company Manual

K16 K19 K29 K31 K32

S8 S14 S19 S20 S25 S27 S29

B1 B3 B5 B8


KSBs

Knowledge

K1: The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) license and instrument rating requirements for the aircraft and role Back to Duty

K2: The standards required for personal presentation and fitness for duty within their organisation (including uniform standard) Back to Duty

K3: How to implement pre-flight planning and respond to en-route and terminal conditions Back to Duty

K4: How to prepare a new flight plan or retrieve an existing flight plan Back to Duty

K5: Know and understand the checks necessary to establish pre-flight airworthiness and air-readiness Back to Duty

K6: How to liaise effectively with Air Traffic Control (ATC) and airport ground staff Back to Duty

K7: The procedure for checking flight instruments and operating automatic flight control systems Back to Duty

K8: The procedure for checking and operating aircraft propulsion units, systems and controls Back to Duty

K9: The procedure for checking and operating navigation equipment, radio aids, surveillance equipment and radar appropriate to the flight Back to Duty

K10: How to carry out start procedures and comply with Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) during site manoeuvring Back to Duty

K11: The organisations service routines for the specific flight/route/sector Back to Duty

K12: The airline SOPs and how to maintain control, smoothly and safely during all stages of flight Back to Duty

K13: Automated systems affecting flight control and navigation Back to Duty

K14: How weather conditions and their effect, impact on the implementation of the flight plan, including wind, clouds, precipitation, visibility, ice accretion, air masses and fronts Back to Duty

K15: How to evaluate, respond to and manage abnormal situations Back to Duty

K16: The organisations procedures for releasing the aircraft Back to Duty

K17: The organisations procedures to be carried out after the last flight of the day Back to Duty

K18: The procedures for recording and reporting malfunctions and faults Back to Duty

K19: Aviation procedures and practices required for the completion of aircraft and safety documentation Back to Duty

K20: The refuelling procedures for the aircraft type Back to Duty

K21: Know the limitations and performance of the aircraft as laid down in the relevant Flight Manual and/or Operations Manual Back to Duty

K22: The importance of legislation, procedures and regulations relating to an aviation environment in order to apply and deliver organisational compliance requirements within own area of responsibility Back to Duty

K23: The UK ANO (Air Navigation Order) and the UK AIP (Aeronautical Information Publication) Back to Duty

K24: The EASA (European Aviation Safety Agency) Ops regulations Back to Duty

K25: Know and understand the ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organisation) standards and recommended practices Back to Duty

K26: Know and understand the importance of Regulatory line checks and License Proficiency Checks Back to Duty

K27: How to maintain the security of aircraft, crew and payload Back to Duty

K28: Requirements for maintaining aviation security in own area of authority and action to take in the event of a breach of security Back to Duty

K29: The health and safety legislation in aviation both in relation to own role and organisation, including how to monitor on-board aircrew Back to Duty

K30: The requirements and importance of personal fitness and actions which must be taken if unfit for duty Back to Duty

K31: The organisation’s safety management systems and safety culture Back to Duty

K32: The purpose of the organisation including its vision, objectives and brand / organisational standards, how they compare to its competitors and how own role, and the team, help to achieve them Back to Duty

K33: How to achieve customer satisfaction within their organisation and sphere of influence Back to Duty

Skills

S1: Ensure personal preparation and presentation standards are upheld in accordance with professional and organisational regulations and standards Back to Duty

S2: Prepare and check/validate a flight plan Back to Duty

S3: Establish the airworthiness and air readiness of the aircraft Back to Duty

S4: Check and operate flight instruments and systems Back to Duty

S5: Check and operate radar and radio aids Back to Duty

S6: Check and operate aircraft propulsion systems Back to Duty

S7: Check and operate navigation and communication equipment Back to Duty

S8: Accurately report defective equipment Back to Duty

S9: Collect information to aid decision making Back to Duty

S10: Communicate clearly and professionally with ATC and airport ground staff Back to Duty

S11: Handle the aircraft on the ground in accordance with relevant SOPs Back to Duty

S12: Secure and seal the aircraft in accordance with company regulations and procedures Back to Duty

S13: Close down aircraft engines, systems and equipment in accordance with regulations and procedures Back to Duty

S14: Communicate effectively with colleagues, cabin crew, ground operational teams and customers at appropriate times to ensure service efficiency, safety and security Back to Duty

S15: Implement agreed flight plan, making appropriate judgements to respond to en-route and terminal conditions Back to Duty

S16: Maintain control, stability and safety during all stages of the flight, following airline SOPs Back to Duty

S17: Manage and monitor automated systems Back to Duty

S18: Monitor weather conditions during the flight and control the aircraft in response Back to Duty

S19: Respond appropriately to all abnormal situations e.g. engine failure, disruptive passenger, forced landing, fire, decompression at altitude Back to Duty

S20: Handle and control the aircraft in a smooth and safe manner when responding to abnormal situations Back to Duty

S21: Release the aircraft in accordance with SOPs Back to Duty

S22: Accurately record malfunctions, faults and maintenance requirements Back to Duty

S23: Complete pre and post flight documentation Back to Duty

S24: Supervise the refuelling of the aircraft Back to Duty

S25: Consult with the Commander and inform crew members clearly what action is required in response to emergency situations Back to Duty

S26: Ensure self and team monitor and apply the compliance, legislation, procedures and regulations commensurate to your role Back to Duty

S27: Identify risks and non-compliance, ensuring corrective actions are taken or situations are escalated in accordance with organisation’s procedures Back to Duty

S28: Monitor aviation security in own area of responsibility Back to Duty

S29: Identify and address / report actual or potential hazards pre-flight, in-flight or post-flight as required Back to Duty

S30: Record and report safety and security incidents, including self-reporting when required Back to Duty

S31: Drive the team to maintain brand / organisational standards at all times, and identify and address any potential risks according to organisational procedures Back to Duty

Behaviours

B1: Be vigilant, alert and proactive in promoting a safe, reliable, secure and compliant working culture within the first officer role Back to Duty

B2: Promote a customer focused culture within the aircraft and when representing the aircraft operator Back to Duty

B3: Lead by example and command the operation of the aircraft and the team by communicating in a calm, decisive manner Back to Duty

B4: Be visible and approachable, treating customers, colleagues and other stakeholders with courtesy and respect at all times Back to Duty

B5: Work confidently using initiative and resilience to proble m solve and escalate when required as per your aircraft operator’s procedures Back to Duty

B6: Display loyalty, integrity and accountability to the aircraft operator Back to Duty

B7: Be commercially aware to deliver an agile, efficient and professional aviation service Back to Duty

B8: Appreciate situational awareness in complex, three dimensional and fast moving aviation situations Back to Duty


Qualifications

English & Maths

Apprentices without level 2 English and maths will need to achieve this level prior to taking the End-Point Assessment. For those with an education, health and care plan or a legacy statement, the apprenticeship’s English and maths minimum requirement is Entry Level 3. A British Sign Language (BSL) qualification is an alternative to the English qualification for those whose primary language is BSL.


Additional details

Occupational Level:

6

Duration (months):

24

Review

This apprenticeship standard will be reviewed after three years

Status: Approved for delivery
Level: 6
Degree: non-degree qualification
Reference: ST0523
Version: 1
Date updated: 17/12/2019
Approved for delivery: 18 February 2019
Route: Transport and logistics
Typical duration to gateway: 24 months months (this does not include EPA period)
Maximum funding: £27000
Trailblazer contact(s): trailblazer@people1st.co.uk
Employers involved in creating the standard: TUI, Royal Air Force, Virgin Atlantic, Flybe, Thomas Cook, British Airways, Easy Jet, DHL Air, Air Mid-West, Air Harrods
LARS Code: 410
EQA Provider: People 1st International

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Version log

Version Date updated Change Previous version
1 17/12/2019 Updated structure Previous version
1 18/02/2019 Assessment plan and funding band first published

Not available

1 15/08/2018 Standard first published

Not available

1 02/01/2017 Initial creation

Not available