Key information

  1. Reference: ST0164
  2. Date updated: 29/01/2024
  3. Level: 3
  4. Route: Engineering and manufacturing
  5. Regulated occupation: No

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Details of the occupational standard

Occupation summary

This occupation is found in a wide range of industries of national importance including but not limited to power and water infrastructure, petrochemical, oil and gas, nuclear, renewables, food and drink processing, defence, chemicals and pharmaceuticals. This is a core and options apprenticeship standard. Apprentices will be trained and assessed against the core and one option. There are five options:

• Electrical power design technician 

• Control and instrumentation design technician

• Mechanical design technician

• Piping design technician

• Structural design technician

The broad purpose of the occupation is to contribute to the preparation of design solutions and produce designs, drawings or models for structures, piping, electrical systems, control and instrumentation systems or mechanical components. They must understand technical models, drawings and specifications and be able to create their own. They will identify factors likely to affect design decisions, produce Computer Aided Design (CAD) models and engineering drawings and be able to communicate design information to internal and external parties.

In their daily work, an employee in this occupation interacts with a range of internal and external stakeholders. They are usually based at office locations within project design teams and occasionally work at on-site locations. They are required to understand on-site hazards and health, safety and environmental requirements.

An employee in this occupation will be responsible for contributing to the design of engineering components, structures and systems. They will typically report to an engineering design manager for supervision, greater levels of technical guidance and support, review approvals and sign-off.

Typical job titles include:

Building information modelling (bim) technician and industrial design technician Cad technician Control and instrumentation design technician Design technician Draughtsperson Drawing technician Electrical design technician Engineering design technician Engineering designer Mechanical design technician Piping design technician Structural design technician Systems design technician

Core occupation duties

Duty KSBs

Duty 1 Maintain working relationships, communicate and liaise effectively with own project team, customers, and internal and external stakeholders.

K1 K13 K14 K15 K16

S10 S18

B4 B5 B7

Duty 2 Work reliably, effectively, independently and as a member of a team, taking responsibility for their own work.

K1

S10 S12

B3 B4 B5 B6 B7

Duty 3 Meet requirements for health, safety, environmental, sustainability, professional development and ethics in engineering design practice.

K1 K2 K8 K9 K17

S1 S2 S6 S7 S12

B1 B2 B6

Duty 4 Comply with relevant legislation, regulations, company policies and procedures, strategies and technical guidance.

K1 K2 K9 K17

S1 S2 S6 S12

Duty 5 Interpret technical information to establish customer design requirements.

K2 K4 K5

S3 S16

Duty 6 Interpret, check and comment on design intent and make recommendations in line with industry standards where necessary.

K3 K4 K5 K20

S3 S9 S13 S16

Duty 7 Support the identification, analysis and evaluation of factors affecting technical designs.

K4 K5 K7 K8 K9 K10 K19

S4 S20

Duty 8 Support the development of engineering concepts and design options to solve technical challenges.

K3 K5 K19

S19 S20

Duty 9 Contribute to the evaluation of design options to determine the most appropriate solution.

K3 K5 K20

S14 S19

Duty 10 Contribute to the production, review and distribution of the final design package.

K3 K5

S8 S9

Duty 11 Update designs to incorporate any changes made as built.

K3 K5

S14

Duty 12 Update and maintain documentation and data according to the required change management process, including maintaining and issuing drawing registers.

K1 K2 K3 K14

S11

Duty 13 Assist in the selection of materials and components for their application in designs.

K11

S4 S5

Duty 14 Produce new, and update existing parts lists and bills of materials (BOMs) for associated designs.

K5 K7 K8 K9 K10

Duty 15 Create designs that are suitable, technically feasible and constructable.

K3 K4 K5 K6 K8 K9 K10 K12 K14 K18

S4 S7 S15 S17

Option duties

Electrical power design technician duties

Duty KSBs

Duty 16 Produce detailed electrical drawings or models to the specified design intent, according to company and industry codes of practice, regulations, standards and procedures.

K21 K22 K23 K24 K25

S21 S22 S23

Duty 17 Use digital technologies and techniques such as Computer Aided Design (CAD) and Building Information Modelling (BIM) to prepare, produce and present electrical designs in accordance with approved design procedures and systems.

K26

S24

Control and instrumentation design technician duties

Duty KSBs

Duty 18 Produce detailed instrumentation and control drawings or models (such as Loop Diagrams, Termination Diagrams, Hook Up Drawings, Schematic drawings, Instrument Datasheets and Schedules) to the specified design intent in accordance with company and industry codes of practice, regulations, standards and procedures.

K27 K28 K29 K30 K31 K32 K33

S25 S26 S27 S28

Duty 19 Use digital technologies and techniques such as Computer Aided Design (CAD) to prepare, produce and present control and instrumentation designs in accordance with approved design procedures and systems.

K34

S28

Mechanical design technician duties

Duty KSBs

Duty 20 Produce detailed mechanical drawings or models (part and assembly level) to appropriate company and industry codes of practice, regulations, standards and procedures.

K35 K36 K37 K38 K39

S29 S30

Duty 21 Use digital technologies and techniques such as Computer Aided Design (CAD) to produce detailed 3D models in surfaces or solids of mechanical components at part and assembly levels.

K40

S31

Piping design technician duties

Duty KSBs

Duty 22 Produce detailed piping drawings or models including detailed design documentation and data; typically including 3D models, general arrangements (GAs), plant layouts, routing layouts, piping isometrics, fabrication drawings, skids, pipe supports, piping schedules, line lists, valve schedules, bills of materials (BOMs) and piping and instrumentation diagrams (P&IDs).

K41 K42 K43 K44 K45 K46 K47

S32 S33

Duty 23 Use digital technologies and techniques such as Computer Aided Design (CAD), Plant Design Management Systems to prepare, produce and present piping designs in accordance with approved design procedures and systems.

K48

S34

Structural design technician duties

Duty KSBs

Duty 24 Produce detailed structural drawings or models to the specified design intent, company and industry codes of practice, regulations, standards and procedures.

K49 K50 K51 K52 K53

S35 S36

Duty 25 Use digital technologies and techniques such as Computer Aided Design (CAD) or Building Information Modelling (BIM) to prepare, produce and present structural designs in accordance with approved design procedures and systems.

K54

S37

KSBs

Knowledge

K1: Requirements of company management systems, policies and procedures and codes of ethical working. Back to Duty

K2: Documentation: methods and requirements, data management and change control - electronic and paper. Back to Duty

K3: Awareness of engineering standards and regulations, relevance to the occupation and technician's responsibilities: International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO), European Norm (EN) and British Standards (BS) for engineering representations, drawings and graphical information. Back to Duty

K4: Common engineering principles and the application of maths and science to engineering. Back to Duty

K5: Fundamentals of engineering drawing and design as defined by BS8888. Back to Duty

K6: Digital Literacy: Digital interfaces, email, Management Information Systems (MIS), spreadsheets, presentations, word processing, virtual communication, learning platforms, work collaboration platforms. General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). Cyber security. Back to Duty

K7: Factors to consider in choice of materials and components: cost, quality, physical properties. Back to Duty

K8: Principles of sustainability and the circular economy. Energy efficiency and reuse of materials. Recycling procedures. Principles of control and management of emissions and waste. Efficient use of resources. Back to Duty

K9: Factors to consider in design safety and environmental impact: security, risk, whole life cycle impact, carbon emissions and end of use plans. Back to Duty

K10: Factors to consider in design end-user perspective and experience: ergonomics, aesthetics, the intended use and purpose of the design. Back to Duty

K11: Manufacturing and construction methods. Back to Duty

K12: Relevance and application of Building Information Modelling (BIM). Back to Duty

K13: Verbal communication techniques: Giving and receiving information. Matching style to audience. Barriers in communication and how to overcome them. Engineering terminology. Back to Duty

K14: Written communication techniques: Plain English principles. Report writing. Engineering terminology Back to Duty

K15: Non-verbal communication techniques: Gestures, facial expressions, tone of voice, eye contact, body language. Back to Duty

K16: Equality Act - Equality, diversity, and inclusion in the workplace. Unconscious bias. Back to Duty

K17: Awareness of health and safety regulations, relevance to the occupation and the technician's responsibilities. Construction (Design and Management) Regulations (CDM), Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH), Display Screen Equipment, due diligence, electrical safety and compliance, emergency evacuation procedures, Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 – responsibilities, isolation and emergency stop procedures, lone working, management systems of occupational health and safety ISO45001, manual handling, near-miss reporting, noise regulations, Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR). Risk assessments, safe systems of work, safety equipment: guards, signage, fire extinguishers, situational awareness, slips, trips and falls, types of hazards. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), working at height, working in confined spaces. Back to Duty

K18: Constructability principles. Back to Duty

K19: Measuring techniques for reverse engineering. Back to Duty

K20: Quality assurance procedures for engineering design. Back to Duty

K21: Option 1. Basic electrical principles: Ohms Law, power, terminology, generating, transforming. Back to Duty

K22: Option 1. Principles of electrical regulations: Electricity at Work Regulations 1989, BS7671. Back to Duty

K23: Option 1. The drawing principles, electrical symbols, hatchings notifications and conventions required for producing standard designs. Back to Duty

K24: Option 1. Principles of producing general arrangements and detailed electrical power production drawings. Back to Duty

K25: Option 1. Cable types, specification and installation requirements. Back to Duty

K26: Option 1. Digital tools and techniques used in electrical power engineering design. CAD and BIM. Back to Duty

K27: Option 2. Combinational and sequential logic and control systems. Back to Duty

K28: Option 2. Instrumentation principles and application. Back to Duty

K29: Option 2. Digital and analogue devices and circuits and their application in measurement and control. Back to Duty

K30: Option 2. Principles of producing general arrangements and detailed control and instrumentation production drawings. Back to Duty

K31: Option 2. The drawing principles, electrical symbols, hatchings notifications and conventions required for producing standard designs. Back to Duty

K32: Option 2. Cable types, specification and installation requirements. Back to Duty

K33: Option 2. Piping and Instrumentation Diagrams (P and ID). Back to Duty

K34: Option 2. Digital tools and techniques used in control and instrumentation engineering design. CAD. Back to Duty

K35: Option 3. Principles of manufacturing methods: Machining, fabrication and 3D printing. Back to Duty

K36: Option 3. Mechanical annotation: Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing (GD and T) symbols, limits and fits, surface finishes. Back to Duty

K37: Option 3. Welding, fixings, fasteners and fabrications, and how to select the appropriate part. Back to Duty

K38: Option 3. Mechanical principles: Motion and mechanics, storage and transfer of forces and energy in operation, motors and pumps. Back to Duty

K39: Option 3. Principles of producing general arrangements and detailed mechanical production drawings. Back to Duty

K40: Option 3. Digital tools and techniques used in mechanical engineering design. CAD. Back to Duty

K41: Option 4. Piping systems, layouts and flow control. Back to Duty

K42: Option 4. Isometrics: how to read and produce isometrics Back to Duty

K43: Option 4. Service conditions: Flow rates, material characteristics, temperature and working pressures. Back to Duty

K44: Option 4. Pipe supports, welding, fittings, valves and associated equipment. Back to Duty

K45: Option 4. Piping and Instrumentation Diagrams (P and ID). Back to Duty

K46: Option 4. Principles of piping general arrangements and design drawings: component identification, connection and instrumentation location. Back to Duty

K47: Option 4. Principles of manufacturing methods: Machining, fabrication and 3D printing. Back to Duty

K48: Option 4. Digital tools and techniques used in piping engineering design. CAD and plant design management systems. Back to Duty

K49: Option 5. Structural design principles. Back to Duty

K50: Option 5. General arrangements of structures showing multiple materials: Steel, concrete, masonry and timber. Back to Duty

K51: Option 5. Principles of producing general arrangements and detailed structural production drawings. Back to Duty

K52: Option 5. Construction design and build processes, methods and details. Back to Duty

K53: Option 5. Principles of structural design drawings: structural symbols, annotation, abbreviations, hatchings, and notations required for producing standard designs. Back to Duty

K54: Option 5. Digital tools and techniques used in structural engineering design. CAD and BIM Back to Duty

Skills

S1: Apply health and safety procedures and safe systems of work in compliance with regulations and standards. Back to Duty

S2: Work in accordance with the design process, company management systems, policies and procedures. Back to Duty

S3: Review and interpret technical information and requirements from different sources such as specifications, engineering drawings, concepts, stakeholders. Back to Duty

S4: Identify and assess factors that affect designs such as materials, application, location, risk and environment. Back to Duty

S5: Select materials and parts. Back to Duty

S6: Propose and evaluate ideas for sustainable engineering concepts to solve engineering challenges. Back to Duty

S7: Develop solutions that can be manufactured or built, and proven, operated and maintained during their operational life and decommissioned or recycled at the end of their operational life. Back to Duty

S8: Provide feedback on engineering designs. Back to Duty

S9: Apply quality assurance procedures to engineering drawings or models, including own designs and those of peers. Back to Duty

S10: Communicate with others verbally for example, colleagues and stakeholders. Back to Duty

S11: Produce written documents, schedules and reports. Back to Duty

S12: Identify, organise and use resources to complete tasks with consideration for cost, quality, safety, security and environmental impact. Back to Duty

S13: Identify inaccuracies or discrepancies in drawings and specifications and propose solutions. Back to Duty

S14: Incorporate changes to an existing design as a result of any modifications made during the as-built implementation. Back to Duty

S15: Create concepts for system layouts and associated components. Back to Duty

S16: Read, interpret and establish design intent. Back to Duty

S17: Determine the correct tolerances for components of the design. Back to Duty

S18: Follow equality, diversity and inclusion procedures. Back to Duty

S19: Perform simple calculations to use in design drawings. Back to Duty

S20: Use measuring techniques for reverse engineering. Back to Duty

S21: Option 1. Produce general arrangements of electrical power. Back to Duty

S22: Option 1. Produce detailed drawings of electrical power components such as wires connection, voltage, capacity, main switches. Back to Duty

S23: Option 1. Identify cable types and application. Back to Duty

S24: Option 1. Use digital tools such as CAD and BIM to produce electrical power project deliverables such as output drawings and electrical designs. Back to Duty

S25: Option 2. Produce general arrangements of control and instrumentation designs. Back to Duty

S26: Option 2. Produce detailed drawings of control and instrumentation components such as cable numbers, wire colours, junction block numbers and panel identification. Back to Duty

S27: Option 2. Identify different cable types and appropriate application. Back to Duty

S28: Option 2. Use digital tools such as CAD to produce control and instrumentation project deliverables. Back to Duty

S29: Option 3. Produce general arrangements of mechanical designs. Back to Duty

S30: Option 3. Produce detailed drawings of mechanical components such as part dimensions, shape and manufacture. Back to Duty

S31: Option 3. Use digital tools such as CAD to produce mechanical project deliverables. Back to Duty

S32: Option 4. Produce general arrangements of piping design. Back to Duty

S33: Option 4. Produce detailed drawings of piping components such as pipework, ducts and fittings and including supports and skids. Back to Duty

S34: Option 4. Use digital tools such as CAD or Plant Design Management Systems to produce piping design project deliverables. Back to Duty

S35: Option 5. Produce general arrangements of structures showing multiple materials such as steel, concrete, masonry, timber. Back to Duty

S36: Option 5. Produce detailed drawings for multiple materials such as steel, concrete, timber or masonry. Back to Duty

S37: Option 5. Use digital tools such as CAD and BIM to produce structural project deliverables. Back to Duty

Behaviours

B1: Take personal responsibility for and promote health and safety. Back to Duty

B2: Take personal responsibility for own sustainable working practices. Back to Duty

B3: Respond and adapt to work demands and situations. Back to Duty

B4: Act ethically. Back to Duty

B5: Act professionally. Back to Duty

B6: Be committed to continued professional development (CPD) to maintain and enhance competence in own area of practice. Back to Duty

B7: Supportive of the needs and concerns of others, for example relating to diversity and inclusion. Back to Duty


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