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Reference Number: ST0531
Details of standard
This apprenticeship standard is currently in development and its contents are subject to change
Wood product manufacturing operatives produce high volume, fully finished and high specification manufactured construction, furniture and shopfitting products from wood, such as windows, doors, door-sets, staircases and a range of interior and exterior carpentry and joinery products.
The wood product manufacturing industry is at the engineering end of the woodworking sector and forms a critical part of the emerging pre-manufactured solutions sector, identified in the Farmer Review as key to the future of construction. It supplies products to the housing, commercial, public and schools building sectors. The industry has an annual turnover of more than £2 billion.
Wood product manufacturing operative’s typical duties include:
- Preparing a range of machinery, tools and equipment for the manufacturing process
- Operating a range of machinery, tools and equipment to produce wood components and products to specification using a variety of raw materials
- Undertaking Computer Aided Design (CAD) operations including calling up and amending drawings
- Identifying defects with materials and machinery before and during the manufacturing process
- Preparing wood components for the assembly process including sanding, positioning and securing
- Using a range of fixing techniques including joint assembly, installing mechanical fixings and applying appropriate adhesives to form products to the given specification
- Applying appropriate stains, sealers and paints to wood products to comply with the specified product finish requirements
- Installing appropriate fixtures, fittings and glazing in accordance with the product specification
- Undertaking glazing operations in accordance with the product specification
- Assessing for post manufacture and assembly product defects and undertaking appropriate rectification work
- Packaging and storing products in accordance with organisational procedures
As well as utilising traditional materials, there is a need to embrace engineered and modified timbers to support product design and delivery.
Employers range from small to large, with a prevalence in the medium to large end of the market. Specialism in single product type is particularly common in the larger end of the market. Wood product manufacturing operatives typically work individually but can also form part of a production team and will report to the production supervisor/manager. Workplaces can be wide ranging from small workshops to large state of the art manufacturing facilities.
Typical job titles include machinist, CNC operative, finishing operative/sprayer and assembler.
Wood product manufacturing operatives have knowledge and understanding of:
- The wood product manufacturing industry, its background and importance in the construction, furniture and shopfitting sectors
- Their organisation and how they contribute to its effective operation
- The manufacturing processes used to produce wood products
- The principles of manufacturing process efficiency
- The organisational and statutory safe systems of work, including the use of machinery, powered and hand tools, controlling dust, health and safety considerations and using appropriate types of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
- The different materials used to manufacture wood products and components (e.g. different species and types of wood, composite panels (e.g. Medium Density Fibreboard (MDF), plywood), adhesives, glass, ironmongery, fixings), their properties, characteristics and how they interrelate
- Who the customers (e.g. supplier, client) are and their expectations in terms of product quality, packaging and delivery
- How different products (e.g. doors, door-sets, windows, staircases and interior joinery, including planed square edges, trussed rafters, spandrel panels, metal web beams and I-beams.) are expected to perform, including the regulations covering product performance (e.g. CE Marking), and how they interact with the wider built environment and performance related risks
- The quality standards for wood product manufacture (e.g. ISO 9001, BS 644, “Timber windows – Factory assembled windows of various types - Specification”, PAS 23, “General performance requirements for door assemblies”, industry accepted Staircase Design Guide) and how to ensure these have been met and assured
- The procedures for the safe handling and storage of components and products, including manual handling
- The organisational and statutory environmental and sustainability considerations including the appropriate disposal of waste, recycling of materials and efficient use of resources
- Health and safety requirements, including the safe use of personal and respiratory protective equipment, local exhaust ventilation, and regulations (e.g. Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations (PUWER)
- Machine capabilities, associated tooling and associated equipment used to manufacture wood products
- The principles and uses of Computer Numerically Controlled (CNC) machinery, their programming requirements and associated tooling
- The principles of Computer Aided Design (CAD) and its associated software
- Where and how manufactured wood components are used and installed (e.g. doors, door-sets, windows, staircases, interior joinery, including planed square edges, trussed rafters, spandrel panels, metal web beams and I-beams.)
- The principles and uses of different joints to produce wood products (e.g. dovetail, housing, dowel, mortice and tenon, comb joints, tongue and groove and biscuit joints)
- The different grit sizes and the sequence of sanding for full finish paint and stain systems
- The different types of adhesives, and processes for their use including application methods
- The sequence of assembly, the fixings used and why it is important the sequence is followed
- The principles and safe working requirements for glazing wood products.
Wood product manufacturing operatives can:
- Carry out work to the required quality standards and output targets, paying high attention to detail, including monitoring and checking that the work meets the specification by following the agreed methodology and process
- Comply with health, safety and environmental requirements, including safe use of personal and respiratory protective equipment, local exhaust ventilation, statutory regulations and industry standards/codes of practice at all times
- Comply with organisational and statutory safe systems of work, including the use of machinery, powered and hand tools, controlling dust, health and safety considerations and using appropriate types of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
- Comply with organisational and statutory environmental and sustainability considerations including the appropriate disposal of waste, recycling of materials and efficient use of resources
- Identify issues (e.g. incorrect or defective wood, defective machinery) in a timely manner, solve problems and apply appropriate solutions
- Pack and store products and components in accordance with standard operating procedures
- Set up and operate machinery, tools and equipment used to produce wood components
- Prepare and operate Computer Numerically Controlled (CNC) equipment
- Carry out computer aided design (CAD) operations (e.g. calling up and amending drawings, output to an external device)
- Use and maintain jigs and templates for wood product manufacturing operations
- Use appropriate equipment to measure, mark out, cut and produce components to specification within the supplied tolerances
- Sand materials for preparation prior to assembly, post-assembly and de-nibbing
- Position wood components and apply manual and mechanical cramps to ensure products are secured and in accordance with the specification
- Apply appropriate adhesives to wood components
- Assemble wood components to specification and given tolerances
- Apply stains, sealers, basecoats and paint finishes to wood products
- Install fixtures and fittings to wood products (e.g. ironmongery, seals, ancillary metal work and fixings, nail plates and staples)
- Prepare for and carry out glazing operations to specification
- Assess and undertake rectification or rework to wood products
Wood Product Manufacturing operatives demonstrate the following behaviours:
- Safety first Attitude – applies a safety-first attitude when undertaking the work and demonstrates a risk awareness approach to help reduce risk in the working environment
- Adaptability - willing to adopt an innovative approach, listen and learn and to accept changing priorities and working requirements
- Collaboration - works effectively with others in a team whilst maintaining effective professional relationships
- Communication – using effective techniques including oral, written, listening, body language and presentation
- Engagement - actively engages with the wider business and provides information that positively contributes to the business goals
- Pride in the workplace - organises work space for efficiency and effectiveness by identifying and storing items used whilst maintaining the work area and sustaining order
- Time Management – manages own time effectively so that work is completed to the agreed schedule
- Quality Workmanship – works to agreed quality targets and standards
Typically, 18-24 months
Apprentices without level 1 English and maths will need to achieve this level and take the test for level 2 English and maths prior to taking the end-point assessment. For those with an education, health and care plan or a legacy statement the apprenticeships English and maths minimum requirement is Entry Level 3 and British Sign Language qualification are an alternative to English qualifications for whom this is their primary language.
After 3 years
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