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This apprenticeship standard is in development and is not yet ready to use

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Forensic collision investigator

Details of standard

Occupation summary

This occupation is found in both the public and private sector in organisations such as the Police, large fleet operators and civil litigation law firms. The broad purpose of the occupation is to investigate and reconstruct road traffic and other vehicle-related incidents using scientific and engineering principles to determine how an incident occurred. Practitioners provide expert opinion to relevant parties including courts and other arenas.

In their daily work, an employee in this occupation interacts with Departments, fleet operators, members of the legal profession and individuals dealing with internal or external complaints or insurance claims. They will also attend Criminal, Civil and Coroners Courts and contribute to employment, disciplinary and tribunal processes.

An employee in this occupation will be responsible for identifying, preserving and recording physical evidence from the scene of an incident. This includes photographing / videoing the incident scene and as appropriate, surveying the scene, preparing scale plans and other visual representations, conducting tests or forensic examinations towards building a reconstruction. They will review witness evidence, test it against the physical evidence and use expert knowledge to provide analysis and provide advice and guidance to support an investigation. They produce key documents such as briefing notes, technical and expert witness reports which could be used in court as evidence for a criminal conviction and liaise with relevant parties to present the findings of the investigation and reconstruction. They provide ‘expert’ testimony at court or any hearing, complying with the legislative requirements of the Criminal Procedure Rules and the Civil Procedure Rules as appropriate. Although working as part of a multi-disciplinary team, they have sole responsibility for the investigation including the production and sign off of reports.

Typical job titles include:

Forensic Collision Investigator, Collision Investigator, Accident Investigator, Collision Reduction Officer, Accident Prevention Manager

Entry requirements

Due to the potentially traumatic nature of the work, the minimum age for apprentices is 18, in line with the young person criteria under ‘Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999’. Typically, entrants may be required to have a minimum of 2 A levels at grade C or above; one of which should be in maths or a science, and 5 GCSEs at grade 4 or above (or equivalent) including English, Maths, and Science or suitable equivalent as BTECs. A full category B driving licence is required within 12 months of starting the apprenticeship.


Occupation duties

Duty

KSBs

Duty 1 Maintain a high standard of professionalism adhering to the codes of practice and conduct of the Institute of Traffic Accident Investigators (ITAI) or the Chartered Society of Forensic Science (CSoFS).

K15

S28 S29

B1 B2 B6

Duty 2 With autonomy, when requested to attend an incident site, decide on the level of response required. Ensure all activities completed by others are in compliance with the appropriate procedures and processes defined in the Good Practice Guides written by the National Police Chiefs Council (NPCC), Institute of Traffic Accident Investigators (ITAI) and Ai Training Services (AiTS).

K1 K2 K3 K6 K16

S1 S2 S3 S4 S8 S21 S22 S24 S26

B1 B2 B3 B4

Duty 3 Evaluate and use appropriate techniques to record evidence from the incident site.

K1 K2 K3 K6 K16

S1 S2 S21 S22 S24 S26 S28

B1 B2

Duty 4 Use appropriate mathematical and physics applications, procedures and processes to secure and recover potential evidence.

K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 K8 K9 K10 K11 K12 K13 K14

S2 S3 S4 S5 S6 S7 S8 S9 S10 S11 S12 S13 S14 S15 S16 S17 S18 S19 S20 S21 S22 S23 S24 S25 S26 S27

B1 B2 B4 B5 B6

Duty 5 Lead a forensic collision investigation strategy by providing higher level proof and verification that modelling systems used to determine speed from crush damage or vehicle handling simulations are correct and the outputs reliable.

K4 K5 K7 K11

S4 S5 S6 S9 S13 S14 S18 S19 S20 S22 S24 S25 S26 S27

B1 B2 B4 B5 B6

Duty 6 Design and conduct tests to gather empirical data.

K3 K4 K5 K11

S9 S13 S14 S21 S22 S25 S26 S27

B1 B2 B4 B5 B6

Duty 7 Undertake critical review of own investigations and those of others. Ensure that the output is valid by understanding the underpinning research and when that research can be appropriately applied to a reconstruction or if it requires a wider confidence interval in those circumstances

K3 K4 K6 K7 K8 K9 K10 K11 K12 K13 K14 K15

S3 S4 S5 S6 S7 S8 S9 S10 S11 S12 S13 S14 S15 S16 S17 S18 S19 S20 S21 S22 S24 S25 S26 S27 S28

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 8 Liaise with relevant parties to present the findings of the investigation and reconstruction. e.g. insurance companies, lawyers, tribunals & managers

K15

S3 S28 S29

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 9 Present evidence as an expert witness to a court or other arena

K15

S3 S28 S29

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 10 Identify, design, & where appropriate conduct examinations of vehicles and component parts to gather evidence.

K14

S23

B1 B2 B4 B5

Duty 11 Consider and apply mathematical and physical principles and concepts to reconstruct the incident under investigation.

K3 K4 K7 K8 K9 K10 K12 K13

S5 S6 S7 S8 S9 S10 S11 S13 S14 S15 S16 S17 S18 S20 S22 S24 S25 S26 S27

B1 B2 B4 B6

Duty 12 Produce documents, such as briefing notes, technical and expert witness reports for use as evidence in investigations and potential court proceedings

K15

S3 S28 S29

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5


KSBs

Knowledge

K1: How to establish a safe working environment appropriate to the role Back to Duty

K2: How to preserve, record and analyse a collision scene. This may include measuring, photographing, videoing and mapping the locus of an incident, the vehicles and other physical material present to produce visual products including photographs, 2D / 3D representations and simulations Back to Duty

K3: How to obtain friction coefficients from a variety of physical methods or research documents and how to interpret accelerometer data to accurately determine friction coefficients Back to Duty

K4: How to perform appropriate mathematical calculations including the application of statistics, mechanics and results from experiments used in forensic collision investigation Back to Duty

K5: How to implement appropriate methods using accelerometers to accurately determine vehicle performance data and the practical limitations of techniques used to obtain vehicle performance data from accelerometers Back to Duty

K6: How to recover, critically appraise and interpret data from various data recorders such as digital tachographs, electronic control units, insurance data boxes and use appropriate software to evaluate it Back to Duty

K7: How to measure and calculate the velocity change to vehicles using crush damage analysis methodologies, including energy adjustment factor, impact phase models, how to assemble scene data and damage measurements to determine the velocity changes as a result of an impact, how to determine the actual speeds of vehicles prior to an impact, likely error associated with damage calculations Back to Duty

K8: How to evaluate video footage for accuracy and precision to obtain event information and data to calculate the speed of relevant objects Back to Duty

K9: The supporting human factor models, and how to calculate driver response time in a variety of situations such as night time recognition, limited visibility, low contrast and looming Back to Duty

K10: How to use standard software to construct numerical and symbolic computations, obtain a range of results for various different input parameters, compute regression calculations and interpret results of computations in the context of a collision Back to Duty

K11: The behaviour of vehicles under cornering, braking and accelerating conditions Back to Duty

K12: How to apply the underpinning theory of pedestrian and pedal cycle collisions in order to interpret the results to determine the speed Back to Duty

K13: The theory of design, the characteristics of motorcycles and techniques to determine speed of motorcycles involved in a collision Back to Duty

K14: How to identify, record and comment upon the condition of vehicle systems and component parts including tyres, steering, suspension, braking, electrical and safety systems to identify defects, roadworthiness, incident causation, contributory factors Back to Duty

K15: How to prepare a written report in accordance with legal and organisational procedures and present evidence to a court or other arena Back to Duty

K16: How emergency services work both individually and collaboratively at collision sites and during the post-collision process Back to Duty

Skills

S1: Determine the hazards and implement a safe working environment appropriate to the role. Back to Duty

S2: Identify, preserve and record evidence by measuring, photographing, videoing and mapping the locus of an incident, the vehicles and other physical material present. Back to Duty

S3: Create visual products including photographs, 2D / 3D representations and simulations. Back to Duty

S4: Measure vehicles using crush damage analysis methodologies to calculate the velocity of vehicles prior to an impact, selecting and utilising the appropriate energy adjustment factor. Back to Duty

S5: Calculate the velocity change to vehicles using crush damage analysis methodologies, and estimate the likely error associated with damage calculations. Back to Duty

S6: Collate, assess and apply scene data to the damage measurements to determine the velocity changes of vehicles as a result of an impact. Back to Duty

S7: Obtain event information and evaluate video footage. Back to Duty

S8: Use appropriate techniques to obtain accurate distance data and the time frame interval from video images. Back to Duty

S9: Calculate the speed of relevant objects e.g. vehicle, pedestrians and cycles. Back to Duty

S10: Apply appropriate human factor models to events. Back to Duty

S11: Use an appropriate method to calculate the driver response time in a variety of situations such as night time recognition, limited visibility, low contrast and looming. Back to Duty

S12: Contrast theoretical knowledge with practical problems to determine the variance cause by Human Factors. Back to Duty

S13: Construct numerical and symbolic computations using standard software to assist in the reconstruction of the incident. Back to Duty

S14: Determine a range of results for various different input parameters to assist in the reconstruction of the incident. Back to Duty

S15: Compute regression calculations using standard software to assist in the reconstruction of the incident. Back to Duty

S16: Interpret results of computations in the context of a collision to assist in the reconstruction of the incident. Back to Duty

S17: Apply the underpinning theory to practical pedestrian and pedal cycle collisions to determine the speed. Back to Duty

S18: Interpret the results of calculations from the evidence gathered to determine the speed. Back to Duty

S19: Apply the understanding of motorcycle design theory and characteristics to reconstruct the incident e.g. design, construction and handling. Back to Duty

S20: Measure damage and marks to determine speed of motorcycles involved in a collision. Back to Duty

S21: Recover data from various data recorders such as digital tachographs, electronic control units, insurance data boxes. Back to Duty

S22: Critically appraise and interpret data from various data recorders including accelerometers and GPS. Evaluate the data using appropriate software. Back to Duty

S23: Identify, record and comment upon the condition of the vehicle, systems and component parts to identify defects, roadworthiness, incident causation, contributory factors. Back to Duty

S24: Determine friction coefficients from a variety of physical methods, research documents or accelerometer data. Back to Duty

S25: Use mathematics, statistics and mechanics to reconstruct an incident. Back to Duty

S26: Analyse behaviour of vehicles under cornering, braking and accelerating conditions. Back to Duty

S27: Design, conduct and appraise suitable experiments for hypothesis testing. Back to Duty

S28: Prepare a written report in accordance with organisational and legal procedures. Back to Duty

S29: Present evidence to a court or other arena e.g. Magistrates, Crown, Civil or Coroner Court, Employment Tribunal. Back to Duty

Behaviors

B1: Accountability - For self and others to ensure that actions are in the best interest of affected parties. Back to Duty

B2: Professional integrity - Maintain the highest standards of professionalism and trustworthiness, making sure that values, moral codes and ethical standards are always upheld Back to Duty

B3: Emotionally astute - Understand and effectively manage own emotions in stressful situations and treat people with sensitivity Back to Duty

B4: Team working - Collaboration, influence, and respect for others. Value diversity and difference in approaches to work, thinking and background. Back to Duty

B5: Supportive & inspirational leading - Role model the organisational values providing inspiration and clarity to colleagues and stakeholders. Consider how the wider organisation and others are impacted, and help others to deliver their objectives effectively Back to Duty

B6: Continuing Professional Development (CPD) - Critically review published research. Accountability of own and others development needs, undertaking CPD. Curiosity of science, mathematics and engineering, proactively developing knowledge to ensure that decisions are based on strong evidence Back to Duty


Qualifications

English & Maths

Apprentices without level 2 English and maths will need to achieve this level prior to taking the End-Point Assessment. For those with an education, health and care plan or a legacy statement, the apprenticeship’s English and maths minimum requirement is Entry Level 3. A British Sign Language (BSL) qualification is an alternative to the English qualification for those whose primary language is BSL.

Other mandatory qualifications

BSc in Forensic Road Collision Investigation

Level: 6 (integrated degree)

Professional Recognition

This standard has professional recognition.

Body Level
Institute Of Traffic Accident Investigators
Chartered Society of Forensic Science


Additional details

Occupational Level:

6

Duration (months):

42

Review

This apprenticeship standard will be reviewed after 3 years.

Status: In development
Proposal approved Standard approved Assessment plan approved
Level: 6
Degree: TBC
Reference: ST0850
Version: 1
Date updated: 05/09/2019
Route: Health and science
Typical duration: 42 months
Trailblazer contact(s): Richard.N.Auty@met.police.uk
Employers involved in creating the standard: Metropolitan Police, Staffordshire Police, Irwin Mitchell Solicitors, West Yorkshire Police, North Wales Police, Northumbria Police, London Ambulance Service, Essex Police, Surrey and Sussex Police, Independent Collision Investigation Services, Wagstaff Forensic Consultancy, DPD, AiTS, Institute of Traffic Investigators, DeMontfort University, Chartered Society of Forensic Science, National Police Chiefs Council, College of Policing, BRAKE

Version log

Version Date updated Change Previous version
1 05/09/2019 Standard first published

Not available