This is the information, technical knowledge, and ‘know-how’ that the individual needs to have and to understand in order to successfully carry out the duties that make up the occupation. This could include knowledge that the individual needs to have an awareness of (e.g. background technical knowledge, company policy or legislation) or more specific information they will need to apply in their everyday activities. Knowledge statements relating to the latter typically begin with ‘A [butcher] knows and understands… a, b, c, d, e…’


Skills are the practical application of knowledge needed to successfully undertake the duties that make up the occupation. They have to be learnt through on and/or off-the-job training or experience. They do not need to be expressed in the workplace context, because the duties are expressed in this way. Skills statements typically include a verb.


Behaviours are mind-sets, attitudes or approaches required for competence, generally across the entire occupation. Whilst these can be innate or instinctive, they can also be learnt, so they are effectively a subset of skills. Behaviours tend to be very transferable meaning that, at any one level, they may be more similar across apprenticeship standards than knowledge and skills.