This apprenticeship has been retired

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Overview of the role

Working in domestic and commercial properties and undertaking the decoration and protection of buildings.

Painter and decorator

Reference Number: ST0295

Details of standard

Painters and Decorators operate in domestic and commercial properties and undertake the decoration and protection of buildings. Properties include houses, schools, offices, hospitals factories and construction sites. Working internally or externally they work individually and/or as part of a team applying water-borne and/or solvent-borne paint coatings and wallcoverings. They have good knowledge of paint coatings and wallcoverings and understand and comply with statutory, safety and environmental requirements. They are responsible for their own work achieving a high quality finish at the appropriate pace. They are good problem solvers and communicators and are able to interact effectively with colleagues, clients and associated trades.


       Knowledge          Skill

Work methods

  • K1 The purpose of a range of equipment, tools and materials.
  • K2 The characteristics of materials and their reaction to atmospheric conditions.
  • K3 Safe and efficient methods of use, maintenance, movement, protection and storage of materials and equipment.
  • K4 Work hazards, safe working methods and appropriate safety requirements.
  • K5 How to work at height including the safe use of platforms, steps, ladders and scaffold.
  • S1 Prepare the work area safely providing dust sheets and protection to furniture and adjacent surfaces.
  • S2 Identify hazards and risks in the workplace ensuring a safe environment is maintained at all times.
  • S3 Select, use, maintain and store, paint, tools, wallcoverings, spray equipment, steps, ladders and towers safely.
  • S4 Follow and maintain work procedures and method statements.
  • S5 Make the most efficient and effective use of resources, time and materials.
  • S6 React correctly using the correct method of actions and reporting in the event of an accident or incident.

Identify and respond to customer needs

  • K6 The most appropriate products and use of colour in different settings.
  • K7 The company’s services.
  • K8 Methods of formal and informal communication.
  • K9 The uses of information technology in the workplace.
  • K10 Principles of costing, pricing and budgeting.
  • K11 Time, scheduling and costs associated with a project.
  • S7 Prepare for meetings and discussions by having appropriate paint specification and colour information.
  • S8 Use appropriate listening, and questioning, techniques.
  • S9 Use appropriate terminology when attending meetings.
  • S10 Work to allocated times and schedules for the project.

Construction Industry and Building Methods

  • K12 Key factors and systems of working in different sectors, such as occupied properties, health and education facilities where residents, patients and students may be present.
  • K13Key differences between modern and traditional construction methods.
  • S11 Identify different industry sectors such as new construction, social housing, residential, refurbishment, commercial and Heritage.
  • S12 Identify different building methods e.g. steel frame, reinforced concrete frame, traditional solid wall and cavity wall, block and dry lined which determine the appropriate paint products and specifications.

Product and specification Information

  • K14 Differences of each product type for example, water-borne, solvent borne and epoxy.
  • K15 Drying, curing and recoating times.
  • K16 The effect of colour in relation to good design and colour and contrast for people with impaired vision.
  • K17 The causes of common problems, how these can be prevented and how to correct them.
  • K18 Data sheets, Control of Substances Hazardous to Health sheets, method statements and risk assessments.
  • S13 Interpret specification documents and ensure correct preparation and systems are followed.
  • S14 Refer to manufacturers’ product information and data sheets to avoid errors.
  • S15 Advise clients about basic colour choices.
  • S16 Recommend appropriate products for differing scenarios and sectors.
  • S17 Identify and rectify common surface coating and wall covering problems.
  • S18 Interpret and use health and safety documents.

Preparation and Application and Removal

  • K19 Difference in systems for new and pre- decorated surfaces.
  • K20 Types of preparation methods including removal of previous coatings and wallcoverings using hand tools, power tools and chemicals.
  • K21 Traditional and modern methods of making good surfaces.
  • K22 Different systems for metals, wood, plastic and factory finishes.
  • K23 Techniques of application by brush, roller, pressure assisted roller and spray application.
  • K24 Specialist decorative techniques for example, graining, marbling and gilding.
  • K25 The skills of removal and application of wallcoverings.
  • S19 Identify substrates, hard wood, soft wood, ferrous and non- ferrous metal, factory finished etc.
  • S20 Prepare and strip surfaces using abrasives, chemical etchants, power sanders, heat and liquid methods.
  • S21 Understand and apply powder, two- pack, surfacers and resin fillers.
  • S22 Use different application methods brush, roller, spray, power-assisted rollers and special effect tools.
  • S23 Wallpaper using techniques for the hanging of lining paper, standard papers, digital print and wide width including (matching patterns, internal and external corners).


Painters and Decorators will be expected to demonstrate:

  • B1 Their responsibilities towards their own and others safety in the work place. 
  • B2 A strong work ethic, motivated, reliable and adaptable.
  • B3 Attention to detail, quality and continuous improvement. 
  • B4 An awareness of the businesses mission, aims, markets, products and services. 
  • B5 A customer focused attitude. 
  • B6 Effective communication in a team, with clients or with management. 

Duration: Typically 36 months. This timescale may reduce if an apprentice is part-qualified on entry.

English and Maths: Apprentices without Level 1 English and Maths will need to achieve this level and take the test for Level 2 English and Maths prior to taking the end point assessment.

Review Date: The standard will be reviewed in 3 years                                                

Level 2

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Status: Retired
Level: 2
Reference: ST0295
Version: 1.1
Date updated: 21/08/2023
Approved for delivery: 22 June 2018
Route: Construction and the built environment
Typical duration to gateway : 36 months (this does not include EPA period)
Maximum funding: £9000
LARS Code: 290
EQA Provider: Ofqual

Contact us about this apprenticeship

Employers involved in creating the standard: K&M McLoughlin Decorating Ltd, Novus Property Solutions, Bagnalls Group, George Jones, Axis Europe, Cousins Ltd, Broadway Decorators, Hilton Abbey, M J Guest Ltd, Tag Décor

Version log

Version Change detail Earliest start date Latest start date Latest end date
1.2 Standard, end-point assessment and funding band revised. 19/08/2023 Not set Not set
1.1 End-point assessment plan revised 27/07/2022 18/08/2023 Not set
1.0 Approved for delivery 22/06/2018 26/07/2022 Not set

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