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Overview of the role

Inspecting marine vessels to ensure they comply with standards and regulations

Reference Number: ST0772

Details of standard

Occupation summary

This occupation is found in the commercial and leisure maritime sectors, including maritime regulators, classification societies, small commercial vessel certifying authorities, port authorities, marine insurers, brokers, survey companies and consultancy companies, including large, medium-sized and small employers. The broad purpose of the occupation is to provide independent verification, by inspection or examination of a subject ship or other vessel, its structure, machinery, equipment and systems, to ensure compliance with established and known standards of, and regulations and rules for: construction, stability, outfitting, equipping, safety and operation.  The purpose of the marine survey is to establish the condition of the subject ship or vessel (or parts, machinery, equipment or systems) and any potential or actual damage or repairs required thereto, and verify the subject ship's or other vessel's suitability and fitness to operate, including appropriate certification for same. The value of a subject ship or other vessel (or its constituent parts, machinery, equipment or systems) is also established through marine survey commissioned for such purpose. In their daily work, an employee in this occupation interacts with a wide range of marine professionals, including: the Master (Captain), Chief Engineer and crews of ships or other vessels; client or subject company representatives (such as Marine Superintendents, Brokers, Administrators and Managers); maritime regulators (such as Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA) officials, Classification Society staff, naval architects and marine engineers and Certifying Authority specialists); insurance loss adjusters; and commercial or private clients and their representatives, including legal professionals.  While much of the planning for a survey is undertaken in an office environment, the surveys themselves are undertaken onboard the subject ship or other vessel, either in port (alongside a quayside or in a dry dock) or, from time-to-time, during operations.  A Marine Surveyor is expected to maintain a level of personal drive and fitness to work outside in all weathers, and to inspect all parts of a ship or small vessel, including safe working at heights and in confined spaces. An employee in this occupation will be responsible for providing professional services of expert survey (including close examination and inspection for verification of standards, regulations and rules) of ships or other vessels, constituent parts, machinery, equipment and systems, including planning for and safe conduct of the survey itself, and production and presentation of written and oral reports of the survey's results and outcomes.  Such reports and presentations will require production of high-quality documents that will provide evidence, imagery, conclusions, recommendations and, where required by the purpose, relevant valuations.  Marine Surveyors may work alone, jointly with equivalent Surveyors from other interested parties, or in company with other surveyors for whom they could be responsible.  Working to the instructions provided and from their own professional knowledge, the Marine Surveyor will have significant autonomy for the planning, completeness and safe conduct of, and reporting of the survey. In conduct of a survey, Marine Surveyor may have to manage their own work with due consideration of the environment and of other persons, including ship's staff or technical contractors.

Typical job titles

MCA Senior Executive Officer Marine Surveyor

Marine Surveyor

Ship Surveyor

Surveyor

Ship Classification Surveyor

Flag State Surveyor

Marine warranty surveyor

Class A3 Surveyor

Examiner

Associate or Partner/Director of surveying company.

Entry requirements

Individual employers will set the selection criteria for their Apprenticeships. Entrants to the role should typically have an advanced level qualification (level 3) and experience of working in a maritime environment in roles such as Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping (STCW) Officer Of The Watch (OOW), Engineering OOW, Electro Technical Officer, or equivalent knowledge and experience from a maritime background.

Occupation duties

Duty

KSBs

Duty 1 Plan a survey of a subject ship or other vessel, machinery or equipment.

K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6

S1 S2 S3 S4

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 2 Undertake a condition survey on a ship or other vessel or constituent parts, in a safe manner, to verify the condition against relevant maritime rules and regulations, appropriate technical and operational standards, and recognised good maritime practice.  Such surveys will include the vessel's structure, machinery, systems, equipment, life saving appliances, and documentation/certification.

K4 K5 K6 K7 K8 K9 K10 K11 K12 K13 K14

S1 S4 S5 S6 S7 S8 S9 S10

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6

Duty 3 Record the objective findings, results and outcomes of the survey, and prepare and present high-quality written evidence reports of the survey and high-quality audio-visual presentations to stakeholders.

K15 K16

S1 S2 S10 S11 S12

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 4 Verify a ship's or other vessel's characteristics and safe behaviour under load and in an intact or damaged condition, through checking the calculations of a ship's or other vessel's data, drawings and other information, from specifications, observations and measurements onboard, and present the findings.  This will include but not be limited to calculation of tonnage, displacement, stability data and load line/freeboard requirements, including:  Gross Tonnage (for large ships); Gross Tonnage (for small ships, which use a different process); Load Line; Static and dynamic stability characteristics.

K3 K4 K6 K7 K9 K10 K11 K12 K13 K17

S4 S5 S6 S10 S13

B1 B2 B3

Duty 5 Undertake the estimated valuation of a subject ship or other vessel, or its constituent machinery, systems or parts.

K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 K9 K11 K12 K13 K14 K18

S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S7 S8 S10 S11 S12 S14

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 6 Determine whether the subject ship or vessel is fit to operate. Enforce upon ship's owners and operators the impact of the outcome.

K2 K3 K6 K7 K8 K9 K10 K11 K12 K13 K14 K19 K20 K21

S1 S2 S4 S5 S6 S7 S8 S9 S10 S11 S12

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7

Duty 7 Undertake appropriate and relevant personal risk assessments for access to a ship or other vessel, for working safely on-board the vessel during survey and for safe egress.  This includes determination and application of appropriate safety risk control measures, including development of safe systems of work and use of safety instrumentation and personal protective equipment.

K2 K4 K6 K7 K8 K11 K13 K22

S1 S3 S4 S5 S6 S7 S9 S10 S11 S16

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 8 Liaise and communicate effectively with clients, ship owners, operators and agents, ship's masters and staff, regulatory authorities, classification societies, insurers, and ship building yards and ship repair yards

K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 K9 K11 K14 K15 K16 K23

S1 S3 S4 S5 S8 S9 S10 S11

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 9 Maintain awareness of the risks of a range of emergencies that may arise on-board a subject ship or vessel, and respond safely and correctly, for self-preservation and prevention of harm to others and the environment.

K2 K4 K6 K7 K20 K24

S1 S2 S4 S5 S6 S7 S9 S11 S16

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 10 Investigate marine casualties and breakdowns, such that diagnosis of causal factors and identification of actions necessary for avoidance of repetition are accomplished, communicated and reported.

K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 K8 K9 K10 K11 K12 K13 K14 K15 K25

S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S6 S7 S8 S9 S10 S11 S12 S14 S17

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

 

KSBs

Knowledge

K1: Contracting, contract law, setting expectations, request for services, the parameters of the role including liability and risk.

K2: Due diligence and risk assessment processes.

K3: Different types and purposes of surveys and the implications on planning timescales, budget and scope: e.g. in water, out of water, cargo, machinery, stability, towage, etc., and the impact of location and weather conditions.

K4: Vessel layout, construction and operation for a range of vessels of varying types and complexity, including types of vessel and area of operations (e.g. world-wide, coastal, domestic or inland), and terminology used for naming parts of ships, boats and other vessels.

K5: Types and properties of materials used in ship construction & repair such as wood, steel, aluminium, glass reinforced polymers (GRP) and carbon fibre.

K6: Principles of design, construction and operation of main propulsion, auxiliary, deck and other machinery, equipment and systems, typically used in ships, boats and other vessels.

K7: Relevant International Maritime Organisation (IMO) conventions and applicable regulations, appropriate standards and best operational practice (e.g. IMO Conventions on: Load Line, Safety of Life at Sea, Maritime Pollution, associated UK maritime regulations including but not limited to: UK Merchant Shipping Act 1995, Life Saving Appliances Regulations, Small Commercial Vessel Codes and regulations, Regulations and Rules for Lifting Equipment and Lifting Operations, including testing and examination, Accident and Hazardous Incident Reporting Regulations.  International Standards Organisation (ISO), European Norms (EN) and British Standards Institution (BSI) Standards relevant to ships and commercial and leisure vessels.

K8: Safe access to and egress from the vessel.

K9: Comparison of design, construction, outfitting, equipping, and operation of a range of subject ships or vessels with selected appropriate Classification Society rules and MCA Regulations and Codes for design, construction and upkeep of ships and vessels, to identify and heighten awareness of deficiencies.

K10: Tonnage, displacement and load line measurement and calculations, including international and UK Load Line conventions and regulations.

K11: Typical ship and vessel propulsion, auxiliary, ancillary and deck machinery and systems appropriate to the vessel to be surveyed.

K12: Rules, regulations and safe practice for the maritime carriage of passengers and specialist personnel

K13: Theory and practice, including calculations regarding hydrostatics, vessel handling and hydrodynamics including towage

K14: Marine environmental protection, including responsibility of the vessel to port, national or international jurisdiction

K15: Effective oral and written communication strategies; the terminology used in this occupation and the appropriate format of survey reports

K16: Effective audio-visual presentational strategies, techniques and systems.

K17: Knowledge of the effects of load and damage to a ship (or other vessel) and its operational characteristics.

K18: The ship and vessel market place and relationship between typical build/construction/supply costs and market prices for a range of different ship and vessel types, operational purposes and ages.

K19: The condition that would be expected from a fully compliant ship or vessel in good order and under competent management.

K20: The safety culture, safety management systems and practice onboard vessels to be expected from a fully compliant ship or vessel in good order and under competent management, as required by regulations and rules.

K21: The authority for detaining a vessel or, otherwise, prevent its departure or onward voyage, where the ship or vessel is not safe to operate.

K22: Theory and practice for hazard identification, risk assessment, appropriate risk mitigation and control, and development of appropriate safe systems of work.

K23: Purpose, structure and hierarchy within various organisations involved with ship design, building, upkeep and operations, including the MCA and Classification Societies.

K24: Action required and means of escape in emergency conditions (e.g. fire, flood, vessel instability).

K25: Failure mode effects analyses, investigative techniques and diagnosis of causal factors.

Skills

S1 Communicate effectively and professionally at all levels both internally and externally

S2 Positively challenge stakeholders to effect change where appropriate

S3 Assess requirements for the survey and organise and plan within the timescales and budget set

S4 Manage time and resources effectively

S5 Read and interpret drawings, data and other relevant information

S6 Interpret appropriate engineering formulae and compare results with actual on-board readings, data / calculations submitted and survey findings.

S7 Work competently and safely in the workplace to meet regulatory and legislative requirements

S8 Apply engineering principles, regulatory and Classification Society requirements to the ship, vessel, machinery, equipment or system.

S9 Advise on appropriate regulations and guidance relevant to the ship or vessel

S10 Build, lead and manage multi-functional teams, interacting with and influencing a range of internal and external stakeholders.

S11 Produce succinct and accurate survey reports

S12 Deliver effective oral and audio-visual presentations

S13 Apply scientific calculation to various conditions of the ship (or other vessel) and the environment prevailing.

S14 Assess the market and prevailing conditions, to calculate a value and price for the subject ship, vessel, machinery, equipment or systems.

S15 Set out and impose a decision upon ship owners, managers, operators, master and staff.

S16 Undertake effective hazard identification and risk assessment processes using recognised and appropriate procedures.

S17 Identify causal factors and means of prevention of re-occurrence of ship, structural, machinery, equipment or systems failures.

Behaviour

B1: Be self-motivated with the ability to work independently and with integrity.

B2: Able to take personal responsibility for their actions, demonstrate leadership and show resilience.

B3: Able to work under pressure to tight deadlines.

B4: Able to influence a range of stakeholders within the parameters of the role.

B5: Able to take account of other people's priorities and needs.

B6: Apply logic to progress of a survey or other work, to ensure efficiency of working.

B7: Personal resolution and determination in enforcing unpopular decisions.

Qualifications

English and Maths qualifications

Apprentices without level 2 English and maths will need to achieve this level prior to taking the End-Point Assessment.  For those with an education, health and care plan or a legacy statement, the apprenticeship’s English and maths minimum requirement is Entry Level 3. A British Sign Language (BSL) qualification is an alternative to the English qualification for those whose primary language is BSL.

Other qualifications

Mandatory qualification 1: Bachelor of Engineering (BEng) Marine Engineering, BEng Marine Surveying or BEng Naval Architecture

Level of qualification: 6 (non-integrated degree)

Professional recognition

Institute of Marine Engineering, Science and Technology (IMarEST) / Corporate Member and Incorporated Engineer

Additional details

Occupational Level: 6
Duration (months): 48

Review

This standard will be reviewed after three years.


Crown copyright © 2019. You may re-use this information (not including logos) free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government Licence. Visit www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence

Status: Approved for delivery
Level: 6
Degree: non-integrated degree
Reference: ST0772
Version: 1
Date updated: 03/07/2019
Approved for delivery: 3 July 2019
Route: Engineering and manufacturing
Typical duration: 48 months
Maximum funding: £24000
Trailblazer contact(s): alan.blabeyeng@gmail.com
Employers involved in creating the standard: Blabey Engineering Limited, Liverpool John Moores University, Maritime & Coastguard Agency Headquarters, Maritime & Coastguard Agency (South), Blabey Engineering Limited, MECAL Limited, SCMS, Larsen Marine Ltd, Lloyd’s Register, Bureau Veritas, Port of London Authority, Brookes Bell, Royal National Lifeboat Association, Southampton Solent University, Cornwall College, Falmouth Marine School, Maritime Skills Alliance, Maritime Learning Alliance, Lloyd’s Maritime Academy, Institute of Marine Engineering, Science and Technology, International Institute of Marine Surveyors, Yacht Designers and Surveyors Association, National Workboat Association

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Version log

Version Date updated Change Previous version
1 03/07/2019 Funding band first published

Not available

1 21/06/2019 Assessment plan first published

Not available

1 18/04/2019 Standard first published

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