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This apprenticeship standard is in development and is not yet ready to use

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Construction equipment maintenance mechanic

Details of standard

Occupation summary

This occupation is found in the construction, plant and tool hire industry as well as allied industries such as rail plant, demolition and quarrying that use construction-based equipment. The broad purpose of the occupation is to service, maintain and repair the wide range of construction-based equipment used within the construction and allied industries such as mobile cranes, excavators, disc cutters, crushers, demolition plant, road-rail equipment, water pumps, telescopic handlers etc. so that they function correctly, safely and efficiently, allowing construction and other projects to be carried out efficiently and on time. This occupation provides a vital support service that is crucial to the prosperity of the country through completion of vital infrastructure projects such a (nuclear) power generation, roads, rail, airports etc.

The construction equipment mechanic checks, services and undertakes basic fault finding activities and will either through their own fault-finding activities or through given instructions, remove, dismantle, repair, assemble and refit a plethora of components, and ensure that the item of plant is fully functional prior to handover to the operational side.

Construction equipment mechanics work not just within construction but also work in other areas including quarrying, demolition, utilities (water/gas/electric etc.), piling, rail, waste/landfill, housing, highways etc... In their daily work, an employee in this occupation interacts with customers, members of the public, supervisors, co-workers, other trades/occupations, supporting occupations, managers, suppliers, safety professionals, manufacturers, administration staff. The mechanic can be mobile, working on-site on a national basis and/or workshop-based undertaking maintenance activities in all weathers. This may include working on their own although subject to overall guidance and direction by others. The work can include weekend and night work to cover breakdowns on roadworks, rail maintenance projects etc.

Construction related environments including site-based, mobile, workshop based in and outdoors in all seasons.. An employee in this occupation will be responsible for ensuring they have the right tools and resources such as oils, lubricants and parts for each task. They analyse problems or defects, identify any repair issues and undertake maintenance tasks whilst applying the correct manufacturer’s technical information required and in conformance with legislative requirements. They work under generic supervision either within a workshop or on site but are expected to be both autonomous and the technical focal point during any maintenance activity.

Typical job titles include:

Plant mechanic, Plant fitter, Workshop fitter, Mobile engineer, Maintenance engineer


Occupation duties

Duty

Criteria for measuring performance

KSBs

Duty 1 Identify and prepare the working area and undertake a health, safety and environmental local risk assessment which including environmental aspects, checks the suitability for the type of work and sets out an exclusion zone in specific environments. These would include workshops and on-site locations such as live-traffic areas, quarries, underground locations, petro-chemical etc. to carry out maintenance and commissioning activities on relevant items of plant e.g. piling rigs, mobile cranes, water pumps etc.

In conformance with legislation, contractual requirements, given instructions, job specification

K1 K2 K7 K9 K11 K12 K13 K14 K16 K20 K21 K22

S1 S2 S3 S10 S17 S18

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 2 Identify, procure and plan for all the required resources to undertake the planned work. This includes spares, ancillary equipment and specialist tooling and lifting equipment such as torque wrenches, metrological equipment, lifting and rigging gear, ensuring that all such equipment is in calibration and within a regime of routine inspections and in accordance with the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations (PUWER) 1998 and the Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations (LOLER) 1998

In conformance with manufacturer’s criteria, health and safety requirements and organisational requirements for each activity

K1 K2 K5 K6 K7 K8 K9 K10 K11 K12 K13 K14 K16 K19 K20

S1 S2 S3 S10 S17 S18

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 3 Configure, position, set, rig and prepare the plant or equipment within the work or maintenance environment in accordance to the safe system of work and exclusion zones (which may include neighbouring public access areas), complying with manufacturers’ and customers’ requirements so that critical components such as hydraulic pumps motors, cables, etc. can be removed or accessed as required.

Configured, set, positioned etc. according to manufacturer’s requirements, in compliance with relevant legislation, heath and safety requirements and given timescales

K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 K8 K9 K11 K12 K13 K14 K16 K19 K20 K22

S2 S3 S17 S18

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 4 Undertake visual and function tests and inspections of construction equipment prior to repairs being commenced in workshop and on-site locations to identify specific repair-critical and condition factors, and reporting of same, where relevant, to the employer, customer, end user and the work flow management.

Configured according to manufacturer’s requirements, in compliance with relevant legislation, health and safety requirements and given timescales

K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 K8 K9 K10 K11 K12 K13 K14 K15 K16 K19 K20 K21

S1 S2 S3 S9 S10 S11 S14 S16 S17 S18

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 5 Safely, efficiently and in a planned manner disconnect, detach and remove a range of critical and non-critical components (engines, electronic modules, transmissions, wiring looms, hydraulic looms etc.) from construction plant and equipment to enable their individual repair or replacement or to access other components in accordance with manufacturers’ guidelines and site specific and legislative requirements.

According to manufacturer’s requirements, given instructions, health and safety requirements and given timescales

K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 K8 K9 K11 K12 K13 K14 K15 K16 K19 K20

S1 S2 S4 S15 S16 S17 S18

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 6 Dismantle, inspect, measure evaluate and report on construction equipment-based critical components and decide on a repair or replacement process, such as a faulty transfer gearbox on an earthmoving machine being removed and dismantled to decide whether it is repairable or not, and how most efficiently and economically to proceed.

According to manufacturer’s requirements, given instructions, health and safety requirements and given timescales

K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 K8 K9 K10 K11 K12 K13 K14 K15 K16 K18 K19 K20 K21

S1 S2 S5 S10 S11 S15 S16 S17 S18

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 7 Repair, refurbish, overhaul or renovate critical components (such as hydraulic valves, engines, associated components, transmissions, chassis and driveline components, electrical components etc.) and function and safety test according to legislative and manufacturers’ requirements prior to recommissioning.

According to manufacturer’s requirements, given instructions, health and safety requirements and given timescales

K1 K2 K3 K4 K7 K8 K9 K10 K11 K12 K13 K14 K15 K16 K18 K19 K20

S1 S2 S4 S5 S6 S7 S8 S9 S10 S11 S13 S16 S17 S18

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 8 Assemble, connect, attach and refit new or repaired components and ancillary equipment such as alternators, track drives, pumps, accumulators, conveyers following manufacturer’s assembly instructions.

According to manufacturer’s requirements, health and safety requirements, given instructions and timescales

K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 K8 K9 K10 K11 K12 K13 K14 K15 K16 K19 K20

S1 S8 S9 S10 S11 S16 S17 S18

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 9 Undertake function, static and operational checks on repaired construction equipment, (such as statutory Thorough Examination on lifting equipment, safety and functional checks on small tools and function tests on hydraulic, electrical, mechanical and pneumatic components) after completion of repairs and prior to recommissioning and, under the direction and/or guidance of a supervisor or other, final hand-over to customers and end users according to the given level of responsibility.

In compliance with manufacturer’s requirements and data, contractual requirements, given instructions, environmental and health and safety requirements.

K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 K8 K9 K10 K11 K12 K13 K14 K15 K16 K19 K20 K21

S1 S2 S3 S9 S10 S11 S14 S16 S17 S18

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 10 Produce bespoke components and tools such as brackets, pullers, spacers, guards and shields against given information and specifications that require fabrication, welding and chemical-jointing activities using materials such as steels, plastics and non-ferrous.

According to manufacturer’s requirements and data, contractual requirements, given instructions, legislative requirements

K1 K6 K9 K10 K12 K13 K14 K15 K16 K17 K19 K20

S1 S2 S12 S17 S18

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 11 Remove, repair, modify and adapt components using hot-work techniques such as burning, brazing, welding (Mig, Tig, argon-arc, heating, plasma) to carry out repair or improvement activities such as using line boring and hard facing methods to build up ground-engaging components.

Meeting manufacturer’s requirements and data, contractual requirements, organisational expectations, given instructions and environmental and legislative requirements

K1 K2 K3 K6 K7 K8 K9 K10 K11 K12 K13 K14 K15 K16 K17 K18 K19 K20

S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S6 S9 S13 S16 S17 S18

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 12 Install and set up, under the direction and/or guidance of a supervisor or other, construction plant and equipment in preparation for operational activities such as generators, screeners, water pumps etc. and inform or advise end-users on the specific functions and unique features of the equipment.

Given specifications such as drawings or templates and other forms of relevant data.

K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 K8 K9 K10 K11 K12 K13 K14 K15 K16 K18 K19 K20 K21

S1 S2 S3 S10 S14 S16 S17 S18

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 13 Carry out pre and post-delivery inspections and undertake pre and post-hire inspections on construction plant and equipment, or prior to it going on hire, reporting on same and evaluating the priority of issues and, under the direction or guidance of a supervisor, whether or not the equipment is fit for commissioning or hire.

Conforming with given specifications from various data source such as drawings, templates and manufacturer's information.

K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 K8 K9 K10 K11 K12 K13 K14 K15 K16 K18 K19 K20 K21

S1 S2 S9 S10 S11 S14 S15 S16 S17 S18

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 14 Investigate reported and identified repair requirements involving the application of diagnostic tools and processes such as hydraulic, mechanical, electrical and digital protocols, and the use of bespoke software under the direction or guidance of a supervisor.

According to manufacturer’s requirements and data, contractual requirements, given instructions and health and safety requirements

K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 K8 K9 K10 K13 K15 K16 K18 K19 K20 K21

S1 S2 S9 S10 S11 S15 S16 S17 S18

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 15 Convey reports of work activities using a range of methods to customers or employers and complete organisation-specific reports to confirm work completion, identifying aspects of the work undertaken, and advisory, environmental and safety information to be conveyed to customers or the employer

In accordance with manufacturer’s requirements and data, contractual requirements and given instructions, health and safety criteria

K1 K2 K7 K8 K9 K11 K12 K13 K14 K16 K19 K20 K21

S16 S17 S18

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 16 Source, extract, identify, interpret and apply technical information from manufacturers manuals, electronic information, given verbal information, good practice guidance, organisational and manufacturers’ documentation - both on and off-line to carry out plant and equipment maintenance and servicing procedures to, under the direction or guidance of a supervisor, allow compliance with construction-based health and safety and environmental requirements.

In accordance with organisational and contractual requirements, clear and relevant communication methods used.

K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 K8 K9 K10 K11 K12 K15 K16 K18 K19 K20 K21

S17 S18

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 17 Undertake routine and scheduled servicing and maintenance on construction plant and equipment, using the manufacturers’ and organisational regimes as guidance ensuring that construction-based equipment is serviced and inspected and any non-scheduled items are reported on for further action or decision.

Application of extracted and interpreted specifications so that organisational and contractual specifications are met.

K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 K8 K9 K10 K11 K12 K13 K14 K15 K16 K19 K20 K21 K22

S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S7 S8 S9 S10 S11 S14 S16 S17 S18

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 18 Identify, check and use health and safety control equipment (PPE) that needs to be worn during maintenance activities in compliance with the risk assessment, regulations, manufacturers’ instructions and organisational procedures and relevant to the work location and environmental conditions, ensuring that the PPE is maintained in good condition, replaced at the recommended expiry dates and stored correctly to prevent premature wear and damage.

In accordance with manufacturer's servicing schedules and organisational requirements.

K1 K4 K7 K8 K9 K11 K12 K14 K16 K17 K19 K22

S2 S17 S18

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 19 Assist, under the direction and/or guidance of others in the delivery, retrieval, recovery or breakdown situations in high risk locations and environments such as highways, rail, quarries, demolition, tunnelling etc.,

K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 K8 K9 K11 K12 K13 K14 K15 K16 K18 K19 K20 K21 K22

S1 S2 S3 S4 S9 S10 S15 S16 S17 S18

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 20 To ensure continual personal and organisational, attainment, upkeep and maintenance of own knowledge of activities such as health, safety and environmental by actively engaging in a program of CPD, for example to keep abreast of changes to legislation, standards (e.g. quality), technology, processes etc and accredit these with industry-recognised certification such as CIS, CSCS, CPCS etc.

K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K7 K8 K9 K11 K12 K14 K15 K16 K18 K19 K20 K21 K22

S17 S18

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 21 Determine and use a range of communication methods to successfully convey and receive information and instructions, relevant to the construction environment including verbal, written, graphic and electronic in the course of their duties as a construction equipment mechanic

K1 K7 K8 K13 K14 K16 K18 K21

S1 S2 S9 S10 S14 S15 S16 S17 S18

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 22 Work in compliance the Health and Safety at Work Act and relevant regulations such as PUWER 1998, LOLER 1998, Mines Act and Quarry Regulations, Construction Design Management Regulations as well as best practice guidance such as HSE INDG261 – Pressure systems, in compliance with organisational requirements in the construction and allied environments that negates health and safety hazards, major hazards, environmental aspects and risks associated with the various activities

K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 K8 K9 K10 K11 K12 K13 K14 K15 K16 K17 K18 K19 K20 K21 K22

S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S6 S7 S8 S9 S10 S11 S12 S13 S14 S15 S16 S17 S18

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5


KSBs

Knowledge

K1: Types and appropriateness of information sources that would be used to provide repair and maintenance information on construction-based equipment Back to Duty

K2: Types, uses, core function and operation of construction-based equipment Back to Duty

K3: Principles, function, operation, application and limitation of energy sources and transmission methods eg. IC power units, hydraulics, pneumatics, electrics Back to Duty

K4: Principles, function, application and types of components used on relevant equipment including those that provide direction, retardation, movement, power-transmission, heat, light and flow Back to Duty

K5: Types, applications and limitations of fluids used in construction-based plant including oils/lubricants, cooling/heating and for power/work transmission Back to Duty

K6: Mechanical principles and efforts that apply to construction-based plant that produce outcomes of work from an energy source Back to Duty

K7: Aims and compliance requirements of regulations and legislation that apply to the maintenance and repair of construction-based equipment, typically including Health and Safety at Work Act. LOLER, COSH, PUWER Back to Duty

K8: Company procedures and responsibilities in relation to working with the sector, customer and organisational requirements for working within construction and alongside other colleagues Back to Duty

K9: Fundamentals of health and safety control equipment, the principles of protection, how they should be used/worn and the different types that are available for specific activities or sectors Back to Duty

K10: Use of length/height, weight, area, volume, heat, pressure, electrical conductivity etc. for measuring and calculating, what units are used and with what typical types of measuring equipment Back to Duty

K11: Environmental regulations and considerations for the containment and disposal of waste materials and equipment Back to Duty

K12: Methods of protecting work and working areas from damage, pollution, ingress of contaminants, inclement weather etc. and from controlling others entering or within the working area Back to Duty

K13: Working timetables/deadlines, behaviours, technical abilities and working practices effects on customer relations and why Back to Duty

K14: Methods and procedures for dealing with typical workplace and site-specific emergencies including fire, spillages, injuries and other task-related hazards Back to Duty

K15: Tools and equipment relevant to tasks on construction-based equipment and why they need to be fit-for-purpose, calibrated, checked before use, maintained, and stored correctly on completion of activities Back to Duty

K16: Safety requirements for dealing with pressurised systems, hot/cold systems, stored energy and electrical/electronic systems Back to Duty

K17: Principles of material forming, cutting, shaping, joining and fitting Back to Duty

K18: Techniques for checks and inspections, why typical components failures and causes of failure of relevant construction-based equipment Back to Duty

K19: Requirements and hazards of carrying out maintenance and servicing activities on construction and allied sector work environments, including how static and dynamic risk assessments, method statements, safe systems of work and permit to work systems are devised, implemented and used Back to Duty

K20: Machines, equipment and components handling, supporting, moving and isolation requirement and methods. Back to Duty

K21: Different communication and record-keeping methods, when they are used and the consequences of poor communication and record keeping. Back to Duty

K22: Additional training required for workplace activities typically including. manufacturer’s specific, manual handling, COSHH and other environmental control requirements, working safely courses such as IOSH, CITB, PTS and the requirements of CSCS-badged certification Back to Duty

Skills

S1: Working area preparation including workshop, facility and construction site-based to carry out maintenance activities on construction-based equipment. Back to Duty

S2: Identify, handle and store required resources, tools and equipment necessary to maintain construction-based equipment, reporting shortages/incomplete stock as appropriate Back to Duty

S3: Configure, set, rig and prepare the plant or equipment safely and efficiently for the accessing, handling and removal of typical components, including the use of securing, jacking and lifting aids for supporting, securing and handling purposes. Back to Duty

S4: Disconnect, detach and/or remove a wide range of components and ancillary equipment Safely and efficiently from construction-based equipment, including using lifting, securing and handling aids. Back to Duty

S5: Dismantle worn, damaged or faulty parts, components and equipment Back to Duty

S6: Overhaul, repair, renovate or repair worn, damaged or faulty parts, components and equipment Back to Duty

S7: Replace and reinstate worn, damaged or faulty construction equipment parts Back to Duty

S8: Assemble, connect, attach and refit a comprehensive range of new of repaired construction-based equipment components and ancillary equipment Back to Duty

S9: Checks of static and operational performance on repaired construction-based equipment to ensure full safe functional activity prior to handover and re-commissioning to operation Back to Duty

S10: Basic visual inspections on construction-based equipment both in a workshop, facility and site-based environments to identify potential issues and problems Back to Duty

S11: Specified testing activities on construction-based equipment both in a workshop, facility and site-based environments that ensure correct and safe functional effectiveness Back to Duty

S12: Produce one-off components against given information and specifications that requires fabrication and welding activities Back to Duty

S13: Repair or modify existing components from construction-based equipment which requires heating, welding and brazing Back to Duty

S14: Install and commission construction-based equipment on site-based environments for operational activities Back to Duty

S15: Basic fault-finding and diagnostic activities on hydraulic, electric, mechanical and pneumatic systems to identify existing problems on construction-based equipment. Back to Duty

S16: Complete organisational reports to confirm and document the work activity that was undertaken and inform employer and clients of work progress and problems encountered. Back to Duty

S17: Source, extract, identify, interpret and apply technical information from workshop-type manuals, given verbal information, organisational and manufacturers’ literature and documentation, both on and off-line Back to Duty

S18: Working activities in compliance with legislation, regulations, best practice and organisational requirements in the construction, industrial, quarrying, hire, port, mining and other allied environments Back to Duty

Behaviors

B1: Teamwork and independent working – working and engaging collaboratively and effectively with co-workers of different occupations to achieve requisite results safely and efficiently and safe working, and achieving those results through independence, resourcefulness and ability Back to Duty

B2: Forming and enhancing customer relationships – as a front-line facing role, creating and maintaining effective working and commercial relationships Back to Duty

B3: Time management – planning and delivering set tasks within specified targets and timescales Back to Duty

B4: Assertiveness, confidence and resilience – dealing with unexpected situations, pressure to complete work safely and on time, resolutely advising less-informed parties of realistic completion times and the rationales of the processes involved. Back to Duty

B5: Respect – dealing equally and fairly with for example, people of different genders, disabilities, backgrounds, races, cultures and creeds; taking care of the environment. Back to Duty


Qualifications

English & Maths

Apprentices without level 1 English and maths will need to achieve this level and apprentices without level 2 English and maths will need to take the tests for this level prior to taking the end-point assessment. For those with an education, health and care plan or a legacy statement, the apprenticeship’s English and maths minimum requirement is Entry Level 3. A British Sign Language (BSL) qualification is an alternative to the English qualification for those whose primary language is BSL.


Additional details

Occupational Level:

2

Duration (months):

24

Review

This standard will be reviewed after three years.

Status: In development
Proposal approved Standard approved Assessment plan approved
Level: 2
Reference: ST0805
Version: 1
Date updated: 09/08/2019
Route: Construction
Typical duration: 24 months
Employers involved in creating the standard: A Plant, CRH Plant, Ainscough Cranes, Hanson, Long Water Gravel, Selwood, Keltbray, A P Webb, Speedy Hire, Steve Foster Cranes, HTC Wolffkran, Eagle Plant, Clancy Docwra, Day Group, Wirtgen, Hope Cement, Volvo, Camfaud, William Birch, Chepstow International Plant, Fox (Owmby) Ltd, Qunito Crane Hire, Roger Bullivant, AFI Group, Crowland Cranes, Lavendon Group

Version log

Version Date updated Change Previous version
1 09/08/2019 Standard first published

Not available